Barton Child Law and Policy Center

How judges can use their discretion to combat Anti-Black racism in the United States family policing system

Racial Disparity, family policing, bias, family separation, family surveillance, cps investigations, system reform, policy reform, systemic racism, family integrity, practice tips, judges, courts

Categories: Racial Disparity in Child Welfare
Tags: bias, courts, cps investigations, family integrity, family policing, Family Separation, family surveillance, judges, policy reform, practice tips, racial disparity, system reform, systemic racism
Author: Angela Olivia Burton, Joyce McMillan

Principals & Components

Review the principals and components of effective early legal advocacy

PLA/PP National Cohort

Learn more about the National Cohort and how we support existing and emerging programs

Program Spotlights

Explore the groundbreaking work of early legal advocacy programs across the country


Browse resources exploring topics relevant to PLA and pre-petition representation

Join the PLA/PP National Cohort

Interested in learning more about the Cohort? Please fill out the form on the right in order to join. While we’re always excited to welcome new programs to the group, you don’t have to be part of an existing PLA/PP program to participate in the Cohort. The Cohort is intended to serve as a resource for any stakeholders interested in learning more about early legal advocacy and its capacity to prevent unnecessary family separation. For questions about the Cohort, please e-mail Emilie Cook at 

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